FOOD. CUISINE.

“To eat well in England, you should have breakfast three times a day.” Somerset Maugham.

“One should eat to live, not live to eat.” Moliere.

“Part of the secret of success in life is to eat what you like, and let the food fight it out inside you.” Mark Twain.

“One man’s meat is another man’s poison.” English proverb.

“More die in the United States of too much food than too little.” J.K.Galbraith.

Here are some common ideas about  food:

Eating carrots is good for the eyes.

Fish is good for the brain.

Eating cheese at night makes you dream.

Garlic stops you getting colds.

Drinking coffee stops you sleeping.

An apple a day keeps the doctor away.

A hot milky drink helps you go to sleep.

A cup of tea revives you.

Crusty bread makes your hair curl.

Brown eggs taste better than white.

What Food Was “Invented” Or Discovered In England?

1762: The sandwich was invented in England. There is a town named Sandwich in the south of England. John Montagu, the Earl of Sandwich invented a small meal that could be eaten with one hand while he continued his nonstop gambling.

1902: Marmite was invented in England. Marmite is dark brown-coloured savory spread made from the yeast that is a by-product of the brewing industry. It has  a very strong, slightly salty flavor. It is definitely a love-it-or-hate-it type of food.

Mincemeat was invented in England as a way of preserving meat without salting or smoking it.



                                             WORLD           CUISINE.


For a lighter approach on food, we turn to the Spanish cuisine, containing a variety of meat and fish as well as vegetables. It is also influenced by the seafood available from the surrounding waters. Spanish cuisine uses the most oil among all Western and Central European cuisines. One of the most popular drinks in Spain that goes perfectly with its national dishes is sangria, a drink made of wine and fruits.


Known for its seasonality of food, aspect and quality of ingredients, the Japanese cuisine is rapidly becoming a trend worldwide. White rice and soybeans are the ingredients you should expect to find in almost any dish. According to Michelin Guide that ranks cities worldwide for their restaurants, Tokyo is the most delicious city, with 150 top-ranked restaurants, as opposed to Paris and London that have 148. Apart from its capital, it is fascinating to uncover the local cuisine  throughout  Japan.


Perhaps one of the oldest in the world, the Italian cuisine can be traced back to the 4th century BC. It became what it is today along with the discovery of the New World that brought potatoes, tomatoes, pepper or maize on the list of ingredients. An Italian meal is structured into several sections : antipasto(the appetizer), primo(pasta or rice dish), secondo(meat course), dolce(dessert). Italy is also famous for over 400 kinds of cheese, including the famous Parmigianino Reggiano, and 300 types of sausages.


Starting with the Middle Ages that brought rich banquets to the French Revolution, where refined techniques were used, French Cuisine can be called “haute cuisine” in the 21st century. It is as popular as the poetry or French arts, a meal at a restaurant comparing to a ”sort of theatre you can eat”. Pastries are a large part of French cooking. Cheese and wine are also a major part of the cuisine, being perhaps the most famous of all. The modern restaurant has its roots in French culture. In Paris alone, there are over 5000 places to eat, with prices and menus to suit anyone’s taste.


With a significant influence from the Turkish and Italian cuisines, the Greek cuisine is focused around olive oil, vegetables and herbs specific to the Mediterranean region. Eating in Greece is a different experience from Greek restaurants in other countries- gyros(a Greek sandwich made with slices of spiced meat cooked on a spit, served with salad in pitta bread) for example is considered junk food by Greeks. Restaurants now offer an authentic eating experience, being up to date with the latest culinary trends and stocked up with regional specialties. The Taverna and Estiaforio are widespread , being the places where you can find affordable authentic cuisine.

From the text, write out definitions for the following words : gyros , sangria , antipasto , primo , secondo , dolce .

Match choices (A-H) to (1-5). There are three choices you do not need to use.

a) This cuisine borrowed some ingredients from the New World.

b) This cuisine can be characterized as  “the art of cooking”

c) This cuisine is mainly vegetarian.

d) This cuisine can be traced back to the 4th century BC.

e) This cuisine has recently become accepted and fashionable all over the world.

f) This cuisine uses lots of spices.

g) This cuisine is affected by the food traditions of the neighbouring countries.

h) This cuisine contains more oil than other(except Eastern) European countries.

Write answers to the questions: Have you ever tried the food of some other country? What food was that? How did you like it?



Put the sentences in the right order:

a) Would you like to order dessert?

b) How about the table at the window?

c)  Enjoy your meal.

d)  Here’s the menu. Would you like something to drink?

e) Would you like to order now, sir?

f) Could I have the bill, please?

g) I’ll have the soup and the beef.

h) Have you got a table for two, please?

i)   It is nice.

j)   No, thanks.

k) An ice-cream, please.